The southernmost continent is the coldest. Its record low temperature was -128.6 degrees Fahrenheit (-89.2 degrees Celsius).
Siberia, notably, has brutal winters. Norilsk and Yakutsk have winter lows below -40 degrees Fahrenheit (-40 degrees Celsius).
Canada's vast north has frigid winters. Winter temperatures in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, and Churchill, Manitoba, plunge below -40 degrees Fahrenheit.
The world's biggest island is chilly year-round. Nuuk, its capital, averages -8 degrees Fahrenheit (-22 degrees Celsius) in winter.
Continental climate and severe winters characterize Mongolia in Central Asia. Some locations may reach -40 degrees Fahrenheit (-40 degrees Celsius) or below.
Central Asia's huge Kazakhstan has harsh winters. Astana and Almaty may reach -40 degrees Fahrenheit (-40 degrees Celsius) in winter.
Near the Arctic Circle, Finland has chilly winters. Winter temperatures in Kittilä can drop below -30°F (-34°C).